Mayotte illegal migrants

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Mayotte illegal migrants

It's a secret life, but it's still a life. Which sums up the day-to-day existence of the 60,000 illegal immigrants living on Mayotte, a small French territory located in the Comoro archipelago in the south of the Indian Ocean. Most come from the neighboring Comoro Islands, and make up a third of Mayotte's population, providing cheap labor in the mainly informal economy. Many come from Anjouan Island, the nearest coastline of which is only a 70 km sea crossing away. In Anjouan, the State is in decay, salaries go unpaid, electricity is lacking and work almost non-existent. The Island lives precariously with a trickle of money from its diaspora population, which includes the illegal workers on Mayotte. On French Mayotte, though, there are arrests every day. The government sends 16,000 migrants back each year. And yet lives manage to take root in a mix of rebellion and fatality born from the injustice and misery of their vulnerable, clandestine existence.

__________

La vie cachée mais la vie tout de même. Voilà à quoi se résume le quotidien des 60 000 sans-papiers officiellement recensés à Mayotte, petit territoire français au sein de l'archipel des Comores, dans le sud de l'Océan Indien. Majoritairement originaires des îles voisines comoriennes, ils constituent près d'un tiers de la population de l'île et fournissent une main d'oeuvre bon marché à une économie largement informelle. Ils viennent pour beaucoup de l'île d'Anjouan, dont les côtes les plus proches ne sont pas à plus de 70 km de mer. A Anjouan, l'Etat est deliquescent, les salaires impayés, l'éléctricité fait défaut et le travail quasi inexistant. L'île vit quasiment sous perfusion de l'argent de la diaspora et parmi elle, les travailleurs sans-papiers de Mayotte. Mais sur Mayotte la française, les arrestations sont quotidiennes. L'Etat renvoie chaque année 16 000 d'entre eux. Des vies s'ancrent pourtant dans un mélange de révolte et de fatalité avec les injustices et la misère liées à la vulnérabilité de la clandestinité.

On the medina's place in Domoni, Anjouan (Comoros), during a concert.

Women prepare a wedding in Domoni, Anjouan (Comoros).

A young comorian recently expelled from Mayotte poses in Nyumakele, a poor area of Anjouan

A fishing boat factory in Domoni. The smuggler use the same boats (kwassa), to carry illegal migrants to Mayotte.

People expelled from Mayotte on the ferry to Anjouan (Comoros)

Undocumented Comorians in Combani, Mayotte. The children were born in Mayotte where their parents live for years.

This boy's mother was expelled to the Comoros. He lives with his aunt in Rwanda area, a Comorians area in Vahibe, Mayotte.

Mogoni area, an undocumented Comorians area in Combani, Mayotte.

Undocumented Comorians in the slum of Kaweni, Mayotte.

The girl of an undocumented Comorian couple in Kiama (hell) area, Combani, Mayotte.

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On the medina's place in Domoni, Anjouan (Comoros), during a concert.

Women prepare a wedding in Domoni, Anjouan (Comoros).

A young comorian recently expelled from Mayotte poses in Nyumakele, a poor area of Anjouan

A fishing boat factory in Domoni. The smuggler use the same boats (kwassa), to carry illegal migrants to Mayotte.

People expelled from Mayotte on the ferry to Anjouan (Comoros)

Undocumented Comorians in Combani, Mayotte. The children were born in Mayotte where their parents live for years.

This boy's mother was expelled to the Comoros. He lives with his aunt in Rwanda area, a Comorians area in Vahibe, Mayotte.

Mogoni area, an undocumented Comorians area in Combani, Mayotte.

Undocumented Comorians in the slum of Kaweni, Mayotte.

The girl of an undocumented Comorian couple in Kiama (hell) area, Combani, Mayotte.

Mayotte illegal migrants

It's a secret life, but it's still a life. Which sums up the day-to-day existence of the 60,000 illegal immigrants living on Mayotte, a small French territory located in the Comoro archipelago in the south of the Indian Ocean. Most come from the neighboring Comoro Islands, and make up a third of Mayotte's population, providing cheap labor in the mainly informal economy. Many come from Anjouan Island, the nearest coastline of which is only a 70 km sea crossing away. In Anjouan, the State is in decay, salaries go unpaid, electricity is lacking and work almost non-existent. The Island lives precariously with a trickle of money from its diaspora population, which includes the illegal workers on Mayotte. On French Mayotte, though, there are arrests every day. The government sends 16,000 migrants back each year. And yet lives manage to take root in a mix of rebellion and fatality born from the injustice and misery of their vulnerable, clandestine existence.

__________

La vie cachée mais la vie tout de même. Voilà à quoi se résume le quotidien des 60 000 sans-papiers officiellement recensés à Mayotte, petit territoire français au sein de l'archipel des Comores, dans le sud de l'Océan Indien. Majoritairement originaires des îles voisines comoriennes, ils constituent près d'un tiers de la population de l'île et fournissent une main d'oeuvre bon marché à une économie largement informelle. Ils viennent pour beaucoup de l'île d'Anjouan, dont les côtes les plus proches ne sont pas à plus de 70 km de mer. A Anjouan, l'Etat est deliquescent, les salaires impayés, l'éléctricité fait défaut et le travail quasi inexistant. L'île vit quasiment sous perfusion de l'argent de la diaspora et parmi elle, les travailleurs sans-papiers de Mayotte. Mais sur Mayotte la française, les arrestations sont quotidiennes. L'Etat renvoie chaque année 16 000 d'entre eux. Des vies s'ancrent pourtant dans un mélange de révolte et de fatalité avec les injustices et la misère liées à la vulnérabilité de la clandestinité.

Mayotte illegal migrants

fullscreen infos
On the medina's place in Domoni, Anjouan (Comoros), during a concert.
Women prepare a wedding in Domoni, Anjouan (Comoros).
A young comorian recently expelled from Mayotte poses in Nyumakele, a poor area of Anjouan
A fishing boat factory in Domoni. The smuggler use the same boats (kwassa), to carry illegal migrants to Mayotte.
People expelled from Mayotte on the ferry to Anjouan (Comoros)
Undocumented Comorians in Combani, Mayotte. The children were born in Mayotte where their parents live for years.
This boy's mother was expelled to the Comoros. He lives with his aunt in Rwanda area, a Comorians area in Vahibe, Mayotte.
Mogoni area, an undocumented Comorians area in Combani, Mayotte.
Undocumented Comorians in the slum of Kaweni, Mayotte.
The girl of an undocumented Comorian couple in Kiama (hell) area, Combani, Mayotte.
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